Freight loaded into a ship.
A manifest that lists all cargo carried on a specific vessel voyage.
Cargo Not Otherwise Specified. Usually the rate entry in
a tariff that can apply to commodities not covered under
a specific item or sub item in the applicable tariff.
Cargo reserved by a Nation's laws for transportation only
on vessels registered in that Nation. Typically the cargo
is moving due to a direct or indirect support or activity
of the Government.
Most ocean freight is billed on the basis of weight or measurement
tons (W/M). Weight tons can be expressed in short tons
of 2000 pounds, long tons of 2240 pounds or metric tons
of 1000 kilos (2204.62 pounds). Measurement tons are usually
expressed as cargo measurement of 40 cubic feet (1.12 meters)
or cubic meters (35.3 cubic feet.)
A truck trailer body that can be detached from the chassis
for loading into a vessel, a rail car or stacked in a container
depot. Containers may be ventilated, insulated, refrigerated,
flat rack, vehicle rack, open top, bulk liquid or equipped
with interior devices. A container may be 20 feet, 40 feet,
45 feet, 48 feet or 53 feet in length, 8'0" or 8'6" in
width, and 8'6" or 9'6" in height.
Arrangements with a steamship line to transport containerized
Container Freight Station
A shipping dock where cargo is loaded ("stuffed")
into or unloaded ("stripped") from containers.
Generally, this involves less than container load shipments,
although small shipments destined to same consignee are often
consolidated. Container reloading from/to rail or motor carrier
equipment is a typical activity.
Document showing contents and loading sequence of a container.
An agreement between parties that allows the efficient use
and supply of containers. A common supply of containers
available to the shipper as required.
An area designated for the stowage of cargoes in container;
usually accessible by truck, railroad and marine transportation.
Here containers are picked up, dropped off, maintained
Container Yard (CY)
A materials handling/storage facility used for completely
unitized loads in containers and/or empty containers. Commonly
referred to as CY.
Cargo that will fit into a container and result in an economical
Stowage of general or special cargoes in a container for
transport in the various modes.
A load sufficient in size to fill a container either by cubic
measurement or by weight.
A government office where duties are paid, import documents
filed, etc., on foreign shipments.
A person or firm, licensed by the treasury department of
their country when required, engaged in entering and clearing
goods through Customs for a client (importer).
Government agency charged with enforcing the rules passed
to protect the country's import and export revenues.
Customs Bonded Warehouse
A warehouse authorized by Customs to receive duty-free merchandise.
All countries require that the importer make a declaration
on incoming foreign goods. The importer then normally pays
a duty on the imported merchandise. The importer's statement
is compared against the carrier's vessel manifest to ensure
that all foreign goods are properly declared.
Refers to either the cargo carried or the charges assessed
for carriage of the cargo.
A document issued by the carrier based on the bill of lading
and other information; used to account for a shipment operationally,
statistically, and financially. An Invoice.
A person whose business is to act as an agent on behalf of
the shipper. A freight forwarder frequently makes the booking
This type of insurance offers the shipper the broadest coverage
available, covering against all losses that may occur in
In water transportation, the deliberate sacrifice of cargo
to make the vessel safe for the remaining cargo. Those
sharing in the spared cargo proportionately cover the loss.
Insurance, Particular Average
A Marine insurance term to refer to partial loss on an individual
shipment from one of the perils insured against, regardless
of the balance of the cargo. Particular average insurance
can usually be obtained, but the loss must be in excess
of a certain percentage of the insured value of the shipment,
usually three to five percent, before a claim will be allowed
by the company.
A platform with or without sides, on which a number of packages
or pieces may be loaded to facilitate handling by a lift
The tender of one lot of cargo at one time from one shipper
to one consignee on one bill of lading.
The person or company who is usually the supplier or owner
of commodities shipped. Also called Consignor.
Shipper's communication(s) to its agent and/or directly to
the international water-carrier. Instructions may be varied,
e.g., specific details/clauses to be printed on the B/L,
directions for cargo pickup and delivery.
Shipper's Letter of Instructions for issuing an Air Waybill
The document required by the carrier or freight forwarders
to obtain (besides the data needed) authorization to issue
and sign the air waybill in the name of the shipper.
Shipper's Load & Count (SL&C)
Shipments loaded and sealed by shippers and not checked or
verified by the carriers.
Shipper's instructions to carrier for forwarding goods; usually
the triplicate copy of the bill of lading.
- Bulk Carriers: All vessels designed to carry bulk cargo
such as grain, fertilizers, ore, and oil.
- Combination Passenger
and Cargo Ships: Ships with a capacity for 13 or more passengers.
Freighters: Break bulk vessels both refrigerated and un refrigerated,
containerships, partial containerships, roll on/roll off
vessels, and barge carriers.
- Barge Carriers: Ships designed to carry
barges; some are fitted to act as full containerships and can carry
number of barges and containers at the same time. At present
this class includes two types of vessels LASH and Sea-Bee.
Cargo Carriers: Break bulk freighters, car carriers, cattle carriers,
pallet carriers and timber carriers.
- Full Containerships: Ships
equipped with permanent container cells, with little or no space
for other types of cargo.
- Partial Containerships: Multipurpose containerships
where one or more but not all compartments are fitted with permanent
container cells. Remaining compartments are used for other
types of cargo.
- Roll-on/Roll-off vessels: Ships specially designed
to carry wheeled containers or trailers using interior ramps.
Ships fitted with tanks to carry liquid cargo such as: crude petroleum
and petroleum products; chemicals,
Liquefied gasses(LNG and LPG), wine, molasses, and similar
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